Personal hygiene means keeping your hands, body, mouth, teeth, hair and nails clean, as well as your clothes and shoes, and healthy nutritive and life habits.
Good personal hygiene is the best prevention against contagious diseases (cold, flu, infective diarrhoea, infectious hepatitis, various fungal diseases, fungal infections, itch).
Infections are most usually transmitted via hands, and intestinal diseases are therefore often called "dirty hand diseases". These diseases are manifested in stomach pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, even fever.
Personal hygiene rules
- Regular hand washing - before preparing meals, before supper, before and after using toilets, after coughing, sneezing, wiping your nose, contact with animals, after using public transport. Pharmacies offer paper and wet tissues, different solid and liquid hand washing soaps, as well a number of antibacterial gels and hand disinfection gels.
- Since human body gets dirty with its own sweat, dust and surrounding impurities, it is necessary to shower and wash body regularly. Pharmacies offer shower gels, baths and milks and lotions for body care after shower.
- Nails should always be neat and clean, as well as hair - washed and clean. Products available in pharmacies are creams and lotions for nail care, scissors, nail-clippers, nail-files, different hair shampoos and balms.
- Oral hygiene - teeth are to be washed at least two times a day (in the morning and in before going to bed in the evening, preferably after every meal). Different sprays and solutions are used for oralhygiene, as well as breath-fresheners, different tooth pastes and gels. All these products are available in pharmacies.
Good hygiene habits are developed in early childhood, at home and at school, and they get more comprehensive through a continuous education of the population. Particular attention should be paid to children in kindergartens andschools, during pregnancy and nursing, or if your are a sportsperson, or the nature of your job exposes you to harmful agents.